Terms Connected to Extreme HeatHeat Index
♦ A number in degrees Fahrenheit (F) that tell how hot it really feels
when relative humidity is added to the actual air temperature.
♦ Exposure to full sun can increase the heat index by 15 degrees F.
♦ A prolonged period of excessive heat and humidity.
♦ The National Weather Service steps up its procedures to alert the public during these periods.
♦ Heat cramps are muscular pains and spasms that are due to heavy exertion.
♦ Heat cramps are the least severe stage.
They signal the body is having trouble with the heat.
♦ Heat exhaustion usually occurs when people work in hot and/or humid places
where body fluids are lost through profuse sweating.
It can also occur with heavy exercise.
♦ Blood flow to the skin increases which causes the blood flow to decrease to the vital organs, resulting in a mild form of shock.
♦ If not treated quickly, heat exhaustion leads to heat stroke.
♦ Heat Stoke is Life Threatening!
♦ A person's temperature control system stops working.
This system controls the body's ability to cool the body by sweating.
♦ The body's temperature can rise to a level so high it can cause brain damage.
♦ Death can result if the body is not cooled properly in a timely manner.
Sunstroke is another way of saying Heat Stroke.
Before a Heat Wave
Prepare your Home
♦ If you have an air conditioning system, have the company come
and check to make sure it is working properly.
Have them change the filter is necessary and check the ducts for proper insulation.
♦ Install window air conditioning units snuggly and insulate them if necessary.
♦ Remember that hot air rises, so cool and stay on the lower levels of your home.
♦ Install ceiling fans. The more blades the fan has, the more air movement there is.
♦ Use fans.
Fans do not cool the air, but the air movement helps sweat evaporate, thus cooling the body.
♦ Replace old windows with energy efficient ones.
♦ Make temporary window heat reflectors.
Cover cardboard templates with aluminum foil (shiny side out).
Place them between windows and drapes to reflect the heat away from the house.
♦ Weather strip all doors and windowsills to keep the cool air inside, and hot air outside.
♦ Cover your windows that receive morning or afternoon sun.
Pull your drapes or shades.
Outdoor awnings or shutters can reduce the heat that comes into the house by up to 80 percent.
♦ Keep your storm window on all year.
♦ Turn off any appliances that emit excessive heat.
♦ Replace old light bulbs with energy efficient ones.
♦ Take a CPR/First Aid class.